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Responsible Financing

Responsible Financing

At UOB, we recognise the vital role that we play, through our financing practices, in shaping responsible actions from our customers as we collectively build a sustainable future.

Robust responsible financing standards


We embed environmental, social and governance (ESG) risk in our approach to risk management, and integrate ESG considerations into our credit evaluation and approval processes. We continually strengthen our approach to responsible financing and have established structured frameworks, policies and standards to embed ESG risk assessment across the Group, with support from resources in across the Three Lines.


Guiding principles and prohibitions

Our Group Responsible Financing Policy requires our customers to:

  • fully comply with ESG laws and regulations in the respective countries in which they operate;
  • commit to implement a sustainable sourcing policy and/or a process to exclude sourcing from controversial sources; and
  • implement or work towards implementing an appropriate Environmental and Social Management System (ESMS) to address key environmental and social risks in their operations and/or projects.

In addition, our Group Responsible Financing Policy prohibits our financing of companies:

  • where their operations or projects threaten the outstanding universal value or special characteristics of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Ramsar Wetlands, forests of high conservation value (HCV), or would impact critical natural habitats significantly;
  • involved in animal cruelty and the trade of endangered species as defined by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of Wild Fauna and Flora;
  • without measures in place to manage or to mitigate the risk of air, soil and water pollution which may negatively impact terrestrial or marine ecosystems;
  • involved in the exploitation of labour, including forced labour and child labour, taking reference from the International Labour Organization (ILO) standards;
  • in violation of the rights of local or indigenous communities; and
  • involved in open burning for land clearance.

These financing prohibitions are cross-cutting commitments applicable to all new and existing customers and help to bolster our efforts in fostering sustainable development through responsible financing.


ESG risk assessment process

Under our Group Responsible Financing Policy, account officers are required to conduct due diligence on all new and existing customers during the customer onboarding process and annual credit review. Customers are assessed for material ESG risks as well as their capacity for, commitment to and track record in sustainability. ESG checklists have been developed to help account officers identify, assess and review ESG risks.

To identify, to measure and to manage better the ESG risks in our portfolio, we classify our customers as ‘high’, ‘medium’ or ‘low’ ESG risk. This is based on the level of ESG risk inherent in their business operations and the residual ESG risk after assessing their ability to mitigate the inherent risk through policies and measures.

1. Origination

1. Origination

Compliance with UOB’s principle-based requirements and cross-cutting prohibitions

All customers are screened for material ESG risks

2. Evaluation

2. Evaluation

Comprehensive ESG risk due diligence with additional assessment for customers in ESG-sensitive industries outlined by ABS

ESG risk rating classification

3. Enhanced assessment

3. Enhanced assessment

Additional assessment of high ESG risk transactions by ESG champions and reviewed by the Corporate Sustainability Office

Further escalation to the Group Credit Committee, if necessary

ESG risk monitoring process

ESG risk is monitored at the individual customer as well as the portfolio level.

Individual customer monitoring
We engage with our customers proactively and continually work with them to improve their ESG practices. Our customers are monitored on an ongoing basis, through periodic assessments and reviews of any adverse ESG-related news. Customers with any known material ESG-related incidents will trigger an immediate review with ESG risks to be addressed and managed appropriately.

We require customers to rectify any policy unconformities within a reasonable timeframe and account officers are responsible for monitoring their progress. However, if we deem that our customers are unable or unwilling to commit to managing adequately the potential adverse impact of their operations, we are prepared to review and to reassess the relationship, or reject the transaction.

Portfolio monitoring
We periodically report to senior management our exposure to ESG-sensitive sectors, high environmental risk business operations, as well as any customers under heightened monitoring due to ESG-related incidents.


ESG-related credit approval process

Credit applications are reviewed by credit approvers upon completion of required ESG assessments. Credit approvers will approve those within the Bank’s ESG risk appetite. High risk transactions in sensitive sectors may be escalated to the Group Credit Committee for further review.

Our Responsible Financing Policy references international standards and conventions such as the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil, Forest Stewardship Council, World Heritage Convention, and best industry practices provided by the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the ABS Haze Diagnostic Kit.

We recognise that the financial sector has a pivotal role in driving the transition towards a low carbon economy and in addressing significant risks imposed by nature and biodiversity loss. Therefore, we periodically review our Responsible Financing Policy and sector-specific policies amid changing societal and stakeholder expectations.

Sector-specific policies


UOB also established sector-specific guidelines for selected high ESG risk sectors to guide our assessment of customers that fall within the eight ESG-sensitive industries as defined by the ABS Guidelines on Responsible Financing.

/Agriculture (excl Palm Oil) Sector Policy

Agriculture (excl Palm Oil) Sector Policy

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/Agriculture (Palm Oil) Sector Policy

Agriculture (Palm Oil) Sector Policy

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/Forestry Sector Policy

Forestry Sector Policy

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/Metals and Mining Sector Policy

Metals and Mining Sector Policy

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/Defence Sector Policy

Defence Sector Policy

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/Chemical Sector Policy

Chemical Sector Policy

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/Energy Sector Policy

Energy Sector Policy

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/Infrastructure Sector Policy

Infrastructure Sector Policy

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/Waste Management Sector Policy

Waste Management Sector Policy

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Group Environmental Risk Management Framework



In line with the Monetary Authority of Singapore’s (MAS) Guidelines on Environmental Risk Management for Banks, UOB has established our Group Environmental Risk Management Framework, which has been approved by the Board Risk Management Committee. This framework, with a key focus on climate risk management, covers governance, policy and control processes in relation to the management of environmental risk at both portfolio and counterparty level in the Bank’s lending and capital market underwriting activities.



Stakeholder engagement


We are committed to doing our part in shaping industry developments, and actively engage regulators as we collectively work towards a more sustainable financial system. We were closely involved in the co-creation of MAS' Environmental Risk Management Guidelines which aim to enhance financial institutions' resilience to environmental risk, as well as the various workstreams under the MAS Green Finance Industry Taskforce (GFIT). We also regularly engage with other key stakeholders including our customers, colleagues, investors, community and non-governmental organisations to ensure that we meet their evolving expectations and remain abreast of industry developments.

Capacity building


Strengthening ESG capacity is a key area of focus for UOB. All relevant colleagues are trained in responsible financing principles, policies and procedures and have completed our e-learning module on responsible financing developed in collaboration with the ABS and WWF. We also actively participate in capacity-building workshops and sustainability forums for knowledge exchange and to deepen understanding of ESG best practices.


Net zero commitment

Net zero commitment

Our commitment is grounded in the need for a just transition that continues to support socioeconomic growth and improve energy access in ASEAN.

Financing for businesses

Financing for businesses

We support businesses in the transition to a low carbon economy, helping them stay relevant and competitive for the long term.

Financing for individuals

Financing for individuals

We encourage individuals to create positive impact through their everyday choices by offering them a range of sustainable banking products.