By Julia Goh and Loke Siew Ting
Malaysia attracted a total approved investment of MYR107.6 billion (US$25.7 billion) of foreign direct investments (FDI) and domestic direct investments (DDI) in the first half of 2021 (1H2021) – an increase of 70 per cent compared to MYR63.3 billion a year ago. More than 58 per cent of total approved investments in the first half of 2021 were from foreign investments. The manufacturing sector accounted for the largest share of total approved foreign investments, amounting to MYR58.2 billion or 93 per cent of total approved FDI.
The jump in approved investments is a sign of investor confidence and demonstrates Malaysia’s path to a vibrant and sustainable economic recovery. We anticipate the investment sentiment to improve in the fourth quarter of 2021 in tandem with the further re-opening of economic sectors, progress in the national vaccination program towards vaccinating 100 per cent of the adult population, and entering an endemic phase by year-end.
We maintain our 2021 full-year investment approvals forecast of MYR185 billion (2020: MYR167.4 billon) with year-to-date total committed investments hitting 58 per cent of our target.
Manufacturing investment approvals continue to take the lead
Manufacturing investment approvals jumped by 84 per cent year-on-year to MYR66.9 billion in 1H2021, with FDI contributing 87 per cent (or MYR58.2 billion) while the remaining 13 per cent (or MYR8.8 billion) were from domestic sources. Majority of the overall committed investments in the manufacturing sectors were new investments, amounting to MYR55.4 billion (or 83 per cent share) initiated by foreign investors.
The top three leading sources of FDI in the manufacturing sector were Singapore, South Korea, and the Netherlands, accounting for a combined MYR53 billion or 91 per cent of total approved FDI in the sector during 1H2021.
Figure 1: Top FDI sources into Malaysia’s manufacturing sector in 1H2021. Source: MIDA, CEIC, UOB Global Economics & Markets Research
Some of the notable FDI projects approved in 1H2021 include a South Korean renewable investment to produce copper foil for electric vehicles (battery manufacturing); a South Korean company’s solar grade polysilicon plant expansion in Samalaju, Sarawak; China’s solar energy project approved under the PENJANA scheme; and a MYR8.5 billion investment from an Austria-headquartered company to produce high-end printed circuit boards and substrates for semiconductors in Kulim High-Tech Park.
Electrical and electronic (E&E) products lead the manufacturing sector
Figure 2: Malaysia’s manufacturing investment by sub-sector, 1H2021. Source: MIDA, CEIC, UOB Global Economics & Markets Research
The E&E industry gained the highest approved investment value within the manufacturing sector in 1H2021 at MYR47.1 billion. This was followed by fabricated metal products (MYR5.1 billion), chemicals and chemical products (MYR3.8 billion), food manufacturing (MYR3.7 billon), and rubber products (MYR3.6 billion). These five industries made up 95 per cent of total committed investments in the manufacturing sector.
Top investment destinations for manufacturing within Malaysia
By state, key recipients of approved manufacturing investments were Kedah, Selangor, Sabah, Perak, and Johor. These five states collectively contributed 89 per cent or MYR59.4 billion to overall manufacturing investment approvals.
Figure 3: Top investment destinations for manufacturing within Malaysia in 1H2021. Source: MIDA, CEIC, BNM, UOB Global Economics & Markets Research
Potential jobs creation
Amidst a very challenging global economic landscape, the total approved investments involved 2,110 projects with the potential to create 44,994 new jobs in Malaysia. The foreign investments into the manufacturing sector alone will create 32,220 job opportunities in various positions and roles, paving the way for improved employment prospects.
This is an excerpt from Malaysia: Investment Approvals Hit MYR107.6bn In 1H21.
Source: Malaysian Investment Development Authority (MIDA), UOB Global Economics & Markets Research
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